Sun Temple Modhera near Ahmedabad


Sun Temple Modhera is located near Ahmedabad in a village 30 km south of Patan on the banks of Pushpavati river. According to Sun Temple history it was built by King Bhimdev in 1026 CE. Although it has been too long, yet in its ruins the Sun Temple looks magnificient. No worship is being offered here now. The temple has a place for pradakshina, a pradakshina pratha and a sabha mandap in the front. There are many carved images of the Sun God on the outer side of the shrine. The pillars are beautifully carved in front of the sanctum. The exterior of the temple is intricately carved. At the time of the equinoxes, the sun rays illuminate the sanctum at the dawn.


Sun Temple history tells that there is a colossal tank in front of the temple which is known as a Kund . This kund has a series of beautifully made steps.  As per the Sun Temple Information work of the building of the temple was commissioned to the Silavaat stone masons who followed hereditary principals of architecture and astronomy using simple carving tools. The temple was so designed that at the first break of dawn rays of the sun would fall on the image of Surya at the time of equinoxes.Now the Modhera has become the site of several dance and cultural festivals. The sun temple history provides a majestic backdroup for the exhibition of performing arts.

Architecture of Temple

The Suryakund is a finest example of geometry. The organization of stone into composition gives shape to a dazzling pattern of art. This Suryakunda, also known as Ramakunda, is a large rectangular stepped tank measuring 53.6 x 36.6 meters under the east face of sabhamandap used to store purewater. Devotees were required to perform ceremonial ablutions here before worshiping the Sun God. It is proportioned with innumerable stone steps leading devotees down to its base. 108 miniature shrines are carved in between the steps inside the tank. Also number 108 considered to be auspicious by Hindus as Hindu Rosary has same number of beads.


Reservoir deities

There are four terraces to descend to reach the bottom of the tank. Small pyramid-shaped steps are for each terrace. God and Goddess depicted in immortalized stone unfold the sculpture wealth: Lord Vishnu, Lord Ganesh, Lord Natraj, Sitlamata’s presence a marvel. The temple was finally destroyed and burned by Fanatic Alauddin Khilaji in 14th century.

Timing of Temple

As no prayer or rituals are performed at the Sun Temple in India therefore their is no fixed Sun temple modhera timing to visit the place. The best time to visit the Sun Temple in India is early morning around sunrise. However, the Modhera Dance festival is an annual event that is held in the third week of January in the backdrop of the Sun temple.

Sun Temple in India Modhera photos have motivated many to visit the place as it has marvellous architecture.  Tourists visiting the spot are seen taking Sun Temple in India Modhera photos to carry as a memento for their loved ones. The pilgrimage site has pulled people from other religion visiting the temple. Sun Temple Modhera photos are available in the local market also. Due to the ethnic and scenic beauty many people are seen purchasing Sun Temple Modhera photos. For more information on Temple , one can contact :-

Tourist Information Center (Govt.)
Tourism Corporation of Gujarat Limited (TCGL),
HK House, Off Ashram Road,
Ph: 6589172, 6587217, 6589683

Places of Interest

  • Gandhi Ashram
  • Hathee Singh Jain Temple
  • Kankaria Lake
  • Bhadra Fort and Teen Darwaza

Getting there and around

By Air:  As per the Sun Temple Information nearest airport is in Ahmedabad. Modhera is 102 km away from Ahmedabad.

By Rail: The nearest railway station is Mehsana  26 km away from the shrine according to the Sun Temple Information.

By Road: Modhera is well connected by roads to various centres in the state of Gujarat as per the Sun Temple Information.