Kumbh(Pot) Mela(Fair) is that pilgrimage occurs four times every twelve years, once at each of the four locations in India. Attended by millions of people, making it the largest pilgrimage gathering around the world.Maha Kumbh is the largest human gathering in history for the single cause, This auspicious time & space is attended by millions of people on a single day. Since the beginning of time Kumbh has been a center of hindu culture & faith. the participants from all the walks of life attend this cosmic zone. Irrespective of all worldly barriers of caste, creed, region, the Kumbh Mela has wielded a mesmeric influence over the minds and the imagination of the ordinary Indian.
When Jupiter (Guru) and Sun are in zodiac sign Leo(Simha Rashi) it is celebrated in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik.
The Kumbh mela is huge gathering of Sadhus & Gurus from all over india & abroad. They come in Millions from all the corners for this common goal. There are thousand of sect in India the most common are two, Vaishnava ( Followers of Vishnu ) & Shaiva ( Followers of Shiva ). The greatest feature of this mela are furious & exotic Naga Sadhus ( The Naked ones) covered in ash, matted hairs. They are know as preserver of faith. A ritual bath at a predetermined time and place is the major event of this festival. Thousands of holy men/women (monks, saints, sadhus) grace the occasion by their presence. A holy dip in the river is considered to wash away all your past sins. Other activities include religious discussions, devotional singing, mass feeding of holy men/women and the poor, and religious assemblies where doctrines are debated and standardized.
The observance of Kumbha Mela is based upon the following story : thousands of years ago, perhaps in the Vedic period, gods and demons made a temporary agreement to work together in obtaining amrita (the nectar of immortality) from the Milky Ocean, and to share this equally. However, when the Kumbha (pot) containing the amrita appeared, the demons ran away with the pot and were chased by the gods. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the gods and demons fought in the sky for the possession of this pot of amrita. It is said that during the battle, drops of amrita fell on to four places : Prayag, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nasik. Thus, Kumbha mela is observed at these four locations where the nectar fell.
The Four locations are :-
* Prayag (near the city of Allahabad, in the state of Uttar Pradesh) at the confluence of three rivers Ganga (Ganges), Yamuna and Saraswati
* Haridwar (in the state of Uttar Pradesh) where the river Ganga enters the plains from Himalayas
* Ujjain (in Madhya Pradesh), on the banks of Ksipra river
* Nasik (in Maharashtra) on the banks of Godavari river.
This holy event with such tremendous faith has gained international fame. Famous ancient traveler. Hiuen Tsiang of China, was the first to mention Kumbha Mela in his diary. His diary mentions the celbration of 75 days of hindu month of Magha (January-February), which witnessed half a million devotee including sadhus, common man, rich & famous & kings.
Dates for the Maha Kumbh Festival (every 12 years in 4 locations)
In 2010, March-April, Ardh Kumbh Mela will be held at Haridwar at the foothills of the Himalayas.
In 2013, January 27th to February 25th Maha Kumbh Mela will beheld in Allahabad (Prayag).
In 2015, August 15th to September 13th Maha Kumbh Mela will be held in Nasik .
In 2016, April 22nd to May 21st Maha Kumbh Mela will be held in Ujjan.
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