Kaal Bhairav Jayanti, also known as Maha Kala Bhairava Jayanthi or Kaal Bhairava Ashtami is believed to be the appearance day of Lord Kaal Bhairav, the fierce form of Lord Shiva. Bhairav Jayanti is Birthday of Lord Bhairav. Sri Bhairav is a manifestation of Lord Shiva in his Rudra form – the dreadful form, from which even death (Kaal) fears. The fast, undertaken on this day, is fruitful, believed to be a protection from direct and indirect obstacles in life. Bhairav’s conveyance is a dog. On Bhairav Jayanti Lord Bhairav (Shiva) is worshipped in the temples. His carrier Dog is fed with milk, curd and sweets.Devotees gather in temples early morning to seek the blessings of Lord Bhairav.
Once, there was a controversy between two Gods Brahma and Vishnu. The point of difference was as to who, of the two, is superior. To decide the issue, saints, rishis and sages were summoned, who after deliberations pronounced that in fact there is a special power, Brahma and Vishnu are forms of the same. Vishnu was satisfied but Brahma could not agree with the judgment of the jury. Lord Siva could not tolerate this defamation of the jury; he instantly appeared in the form of Bhairav and smashed the pride of Brahma.Legend has it that Lord Shiva cut the fifth head of Lord Brahma on this day and performed penance. In this form Shiva is believed to punish the sinners.
Customs and Celebrations
This day and the fast thereon, in reverence to Sri Bhairav, who is kind to his devotees and saves them from the havoc of time (Kaal). Lord Bhairav devotees take morning bath and perform special pujas and homas.Dead ancestors are also remembered on the day and pujas are performed for them. Kalashtami, also known as Kal Bhairav Ashtami, is observed on the eighth day after full moon in traditional Hindu calendar. Kalashtami is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is his Kal Bhairava form that is worshipped on the day. The most important Kalbhairav Jayanti, or Mahakaal Bhairav Ashtami, is observed in Margashirsha month (November – December) in traditional Hindu calendar – the day Kala Bhairav appeared on earth. Staunch Shiva devotees observe special prayers and rituals on all Kalashtamis in a year.This day is beneficial for Tantra puja, Protection puja, Kalsarpa puja, Black magic removing puja, Shakti puja. Pitra dosha nivarana puja, Sharddha. Kaal Bhairav is pleased with deep daan. Chant the following mantra while worshiping Kaal Bhairava :