Akshaya Tritiya, also known as Akha Teej is a Hindu and Jain holy day, that falls on the third Tithi (Lunar day) of Bright Half (Shukla Paksha of the pan-Indian month of Vaishakha). Akshaya Tritiya, is traditionally the birthday of Lord Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu.The day on which Moon, Sun and Jupiter unitedly come under Mrigshira Nakshatra is called Akshay Tritiya.”Akshay Tritiya”,the holy day when many perform puja to start a business. According to the Hindu customs, many choose to perform the pujas for Business,bathe in holy rivers, make a charity, offer barley in a sacred fire, and worship Lord Ganesha & Devi Lakshmi on the holy day of “Akshay Tritiya”. It is considered a good time to invest in gold and diamonds. It is believed that whatever is bought on this day, will remain forever.
On Akshay tritiya people conduct special Pujas, bathe in holy rivers, make charity, and offer barley to the burning fire. There’s also a tradition to sprinkle Tulsi water onto the idols of Gods while performing the aarti. It’s the various mythological legends and traditions that have been carried forward for millenniums that lend more weightage to all of the above set of beliefs and more. Various Hindu deities like Lord Ganesha, Lord Krishna, Lord Shiva and Devi Laxmi are worshipped on the day for different reasons. Lord Ganesha is worshipped before setting sails for any new venture or deed, Lord Krishna is worshipped for Salvation, Lord Shiva is worshipped for health and good luck, and Goddess Laxmi is worshipped for wealth. Jains, who observe a yearlong fast on an alternate day basis, end it on this day with sugarcane juice.On Akshaya tritiya, Panchanga need not be consulted as this day is so auspicious that it cancels all negative influences of difficult planets and yogas. Often this is a day chosen for beginning new projects. It is also an excellent day to get married. Performing Vishnu Pooja and reciting the Vishnu Sahasranama Stotra ( 1008 names of Vishnu) are considered highly auspicious on this day for prosperity and progress. Akshaya tritiya is a good day to begin study or writing as you get many spiritual benefits and special energy that allows you to process higher thoughts quickly. Dana (donation) given today is said to give manyfold results. One can feed the poor, do service to humanity, donate to favourite charity. Anna dana – feeding the poor is considered the best donation of all.
Significance of Akshaya Tritiya
The word Akshaya, a Sanskrit word, literally means one that never diminishes, and the day is believed to bring good luck and success. It is widely celebrated in all parts of India by different sections of the society irrespective of their religious faith and social grouping. The day is particularly considered auspicious for buying long term assets like gold and silver, including ornaments made of the same; diamond and other precious stones; and the real estate. The legend states that any venture initiated on the auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya shall continue to grow and bring prosperity. Hence, it is normal to see many of the new ventures, like starting a business, ground breaking for construction etc on the Akshaya Tritiya Day.
In the Puranas, the holy Hindu scriptures, there is a story where Ved Vyash once requested Lord Ganesha to help him compose the Mahabharata. Lord Ganesha accepted the offer only after laying down his own terms. He said to Vyashdev that he would write the Slokas only if Vyashdev would tally with his speed. If he had to stop due to Vyashdev, he would discontinue writing. Vyashdev accepted the proposal with counter conditions, stating that Lord Ganesha had to comprehend the meaning of the Shlokas before he could pen them down. All terms and conditions agreed upon, Vyashdev started composing the epic and used very complicated Shlokas. The time lord Ganesha took to understand the meaning was enough for Vyasdev to compose new lines. It is said that it was the day of Akshay Tritiya, that Vedvyas along with Lord Ganesha started writing the Mahabharata.
According to other beliefs, this day marks the beginning of the SatyaYuga the first of the four Yugas(era’s), Satya,Treta, Dwapar & Kalyuga. On the day of the Akshay Tritiya, ceremony to start the new audit book is performed with the worship of Lord Ganesha & Devi Lakshmi. Then traditional rituals are followed with welcoming customers & holding dinners. Sweets & new year calendars are distributed to guests.
The Sacred Day for Ancestors
This day is very blessed for your departed ancestors. You can yourself do a ritual offering on this day before sunset. Place black sesame seeds and rice or rice powder on your right palm. Pour water over the items. Think of your departed ancestors and offer the rice powder and sesame. After this ritual, discard the material. This will do a lot of good for you.
Celebrations in different states of India
In Orissa on Akshay Tritiya, farmers start ploughing their land and construction of chariots for Rath Yatra begins at Puri. In Bengal, on the day of the Akshay Tritiiya, “HalKhata” – a ceremony to start the new audit book is performed – with the worship of Ganesha and goddess Lakshmi. Goa and Konkan regions, even today, are referred to as Parusurama Kshetra and many more places in india.